Educational inequality is an unequal allocation of academic resources including school funding, qualified teachers, books, and technologies to disadvantaged and oppressed communities. These marginalized groups tend to be deprived of schools with rich resources. It not only increase the rate of poverty but decreases educational success which suppresses social as well as economic mobility of the country.
Among some of the other developed countries, American Educational System inequality largely depends upon race and ethnicity. According to the research, the world economic power is divided into two groups of society, one black and one white, both are separate and unequal. Due to intensifying segregation and concentrated poverty in America, disparity in school funding has reinforced educational inequality, refraining millions of minority or under-privileged students from today’s knowledge-based economy.
Even after decades, educational inequality is still one of their most pressing societal and economic issues. According to the recent study, children’s social class is one of the major factors of student’s educational success in America. Due to limited access to education, the gap between their social status and educational opportunities increases with the increase in age and its outcomes transferred from generation to generation.
Apart from social standing, racial disparity is another major factor that leaves a huge impact on educational opportunities and school discipline in America. As a result of discriminated government policies in America, educational opportunities are continued to be unequal and separate for minority students. Schools are segregated in terms of race and social status. On every major national test, white students have always been given high scores as compared to the black and this disparity is increasing day by day. It is also evident from the recent analysis on school finance cases that in terms of every tangible resource i.e., from qualified teachers to curriculum offerings, those schools that are serving minorities had very limited resources than school serving white students. There are huge disparities in educational expenditures in large industrial states.
Although, the United States is among some of the highest spenders on education as compared to other nations but the academic achievement has remained stagnant there. Despite the heavy federal investment, inaccessibility to equal opportunities especially in education to the minorities has created long-lasting effects on the American economy. As a developed society and nation, one must accept a reality that any society cannot prosper in a technological and knowledge-based economy by depriving a large segment of the population of learning. That is the reason, America has still a high rate of unemployment and crimes despite heavy federal investments and the introduction of various programs by the government to address this issue.